Stochastic Model-Based Left Ventricle Segmentation in 3D Echocardiography Using Fractional Brownian Motion. Download paper
A novel approach for fully-automated segmentation of the left ventricle (LV) endocardial and epicardial contours is presented. This is mainly based on the natural physical characteristics of the LV shape structure. Both sides of the LV boundaries exhibit natural elliptical curvatures by having details on various scales, i.e. exhibiting fractal-like characteristics. The fractional Brownian motion (fBm), which is a non-stationary stochastic process, integrates well with the stochastic nature of ultrasound echoes. It has the advantage of representing a wide range of non-stationary signals and can quantify statistical local self-similarity throughout the time-sequence ultrasound images. The locally characterized boundaries of the fBm segmented LV were further iteratively refined using global information by means of second-order moments. The method is benchmarked using synthetic 3D echocardiography time-sequence ultrasound images for normal and different ischemic cardiomyopathy, and results compared with state-of-the-art LV segmentation. Furthermore, preliminary results on real data from canine cases is presented.
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